What is genre?
What does genre mean? Genre is the organization of literature into categories
based on the type of writing the piece exemplifies through its content, form, or
style. Genre is used to group various types of art according to a predictable range
of features and expectations. So if you go into a bookstore and buy a fantasy novel,
you’ll be expecting to read about an imaginary place with fairy tale elements, such
as wizards with supernatural powers and magic and not a non-fiction account of
the Vietnam War.
Types of genre
- Action Genre
- Animation Genre
- Comedy Genre
- Crime Genre
- Drama Genre
- Experimental Genre
- Fantasy Genre
- Historical Genre
- Horror Genre
- Romance Genre
- Science Fiction Genre
- Thriller Genres
- Western Genres
What is sub-genre?
Sub-Genres are more specific sub-classes of the larger category of main film
genres, with their own distinctive subject matter, style, formulas, and
iconography. Some of them are prominent sub-genres, such as: biopics,
‘chick’ flicks, courtroom dramas, detective/mystery films, disaster films,
fantasy films, film noir, ‘guy’ films, melodramas (or ‘weepers’), road films,
romances, superhero films, sports films, supernatural films,
thrillers/suspense, and zombie-horror films. See also film sub-genres types
(and hybrids) – films that combine many different film elements (i.e., action-
comedies, zombie-disaster-thriller, martial arts/kung-fu or video-game
action, musical drama, etc.).
What is Hybrid genre?
The combination of two or more genres. Back to the Future 3 (1990)
combines elements of science fiction and western films. Such combinations
can also cut across categories such as fact and fiction. Docusoaps, which
combine documentary and soap opera, have been criticized for trivializing
documentary by associating it with soaps. hybrid film genre is one that
shows characteristics of two (or more) genres of film. Many directors like
aspects of one genre as well characteristics of another but don’t want to be
limited to one genre. A recent example would be Django: Unchained. It
shows traits of the spaghetti-western but also is heavily influence by 70s
blacksploitation (as well as Grindhouse) films. Quintin Tarantino himself is
a fan of both of these genres, so he sought to make a movie that represented
both. There are near countless movies that this is true for. Dark City is a
moody science-fiction thriller that is also in the classic Noir style. A hybrid
film genre is effectively a “mashup” of genres, some of the best films of the
last 20 years are hybrid films.
What is your genre and why have you
The genre I have chosen is drama combined with thriller. This is a hybrid
genre which many memorable films a part are of .Such as Bridge of spies(2015)
Films which come in the category of the hybrid genre that I have chosen are
for example gone girl, Taxi Driver, Prisoner and black swan.
The reason I have chosen this particular genre is due to being inspired by
films such as the Godfather which I saw in my life when I most needed and escape
from reality .I believe that this particular genre is able to convey a story that is not
only able to connect with the audience on certain scales but it is also carries a level
of unpredictability which is entertaining and away from reality.
What is the sub-genres of your genre?
Period: pride and prejudice (2009)
Romantic: The Notebook (2004)
Crime: The godfather (1972)
Historical: Titanic (1997)
Comedy: Forest Gump (1994
Psychological thriller: Shutter Island (2010)
Action thriller: Taken (2008)
Crime thriller. Seven (1995)
Political thriller.6 Days (2017)
Mystery thriller. The girl on the train (2016)
Spy thriller. The Bourne Ultimatum (2007)
Legal thriller. The Lincoln lawyer (2011)
Science fiction thriller:Source code(2011)
Films which come in the category of the hybrid genre that I have chosen
are for example gone girl, Taxi Driver, Prisoner and black swan.
Codes and conventions of your chosen genre
Close up of characters
Low and high angle shots
There is a somewhat a realistic storyline
There is a journey taken
There is great importance on the relationship of the main character
There is a realization at the end
Codes and conventions are focused on real life situations witch create a situation
to emotionally affect the audience, the protagonist is enrolling a journey of
character development and realisation until the end of movie, easy to relate the
auditorium to the film action, using realistic settings and verisimilitude storyline,
even a pragmatic guideline (guidance to appropriate behaviour). Dramas gives
actors an opportunity to stretch, transform and develop into a role that other genre
wouldn’t allow them to do.
Codes can be divided in two categories: technical (camera work, lighting) and
symbolic (character’s actions). Music can be technical and symbolic. Is technical
because needs audio techniques to create the right ambient and tone to match with
the actor’s emotion and film’s action becoming a symbol of this genre, like classic,
sharp raw sound, dramatic music.
Conventions are alternative ways of presenting parts of a drama. The conventions
(rules) are known by film-maker and actors to create drama in film through
actions, linked with characters dealing with emotional issues or facts like struggle,
dilemmas which can conduct to sad gestures, for example swearing, crying,
arguing (even tragic sometimes) because dramas can focus on building up
characters that audience can engage with.
Common characters in drama films are the protagonist, the antagonist, the helper
and best friend. The protagonist is the main character in the film and is often
exposed under trails, revealing bravery and determination to overcome evil (Will
Hunting from Good Will Hunting overcomes his psychical fears to let the past
behind). The audience feels commiseration and affinity towards the protagonist.
The antagonist like Hannibal Lector from The silence of lambs prove a sick
comportment or goes to extreme. Antagonists get what they want, including
hurting somebody, breaking the law or even killing. But rules can be broken and
the bad or good character can transform into a different person or redeemed his
crimes, like in Crime and punishment, adaptation after Fyodor Dostoyesky novel,
Raskolnokov is a negative protagonist, is a killer who lives in Moscow tortured by
his conscience. The helper or best friend is loyal to protagonist, often has moral
codes witch can be broken, in order to assist the protagonist to achieve triumph or
to support the main character to find his way in life, like Queenie from The
Curious Case of Benjamin Button. Drama is the genre who is not only engaging
the audience into the protagonist’s journey, but also participates into the character’s
transformation inviting the public to wonder and put questions upon their life,
becoming an inspiration and an opportunity to get connected with our imagination
and inner self.
“Drama is life with the dull parts left out.”- Alfred Hitchcock
Tension in music
Low key lighting
Black and white shots
The thriller genre revolves around anticipation and suspense, with the aim being to
keep the audience alert and on the edge of their seats. Tension and excitement are
often used as the main elements of thriller texts.
• Lone protagonist,
• Tough, strong, silent male hero
• Aim to hide the antagonist’s identity (quick cuts, back shots)
• Crazed/psychotic expression on villains
• Menaced woman
• Eyes, faces, fearful facial expressions
• Disguises (makeup, glasses, hats)
• Night, shadows
• Blood, injuries
• Stairs, mirrors
• Urban or man-made settings
• Vehicles (imply action, a chase or pursuit) Lighting:
• Backlighting, low key / shadows / silhouettes
• Diegetic – (Actual sound) Breathing, traffic, voices, objects.
• Non diegetic (Mood sound) creepy, dreary, high-pitched, explosive, Music
that creates tension
• Space: Claustrophobic / confined, enclosed
• Weapons: knives, guns
• Camera angles: close ups, long shots, short shots.
Editing – fast paced, disoriented, confused. Unsettling editing (e.g. change
of camera angles)
Colour – black (symbolises evil) and white, red.
The use of sound within the thriller genre is an important element, as
different musical themes within a film can produce different moods that affect
the audience in different ways. For example in Alfred Hitchcock’s ‘Psycho’ the
music is high pitched, adding suspense and tension to the film, whereas more
action thriller films use loud and jumpy fast paced music to make the audience
feel excited, and to emphasise the fast pace of the film.
Thriller films include the use of camera angles to show different facial
expressions and body language. By using a wide range of camera angles this
can help capture every emotion present within a film, making the audience
feel like they are observing alongside during the duration of the film.